The term “conflict minerals” and “blood minerals” refer to minerals that contribute to armed conflict, risks, child labour, corruption, violence and human rights abuses in the region.
Uganda has signed an agreement with the International Conference on the Great Lakes Region (ICGLR) and the German Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources (BGR), to adopt the certification mechanism and audit of minerals termed as ‘blood' or ‘conflict' minerals.
Robert Kasande, the permanent secretary at the ministry of energy and mineral development signed the agreement after a four-day meeting of the ICGLR Audit committee in Kampala.
The agreement is good news to miners and mineral exporters in Uganda who have not been exporting these minerals legally due to the absence of the certification mechanism.
An industrial, small scale or artisanal miner possessing the certificate shows that the mineral was conflict or blood-free and can be sold at a good price on international markets. The minerals are termed as 3Ts and G (Tin, Tungsten, and Tantalum) and Gold.
David Abbe Ngoy Luhaka, chairperson ICGLR Audit committee at the ICGLR signed the agreement on behalf of ICGLR. The ICGLR Audit committee is based in Bujumbura, Burundi.
The term "conflict minerals" and "blood minerals" refer to minerals that contribute to armed conflict, risks, child labour, corruption, violence and human rights abuses in the region.
Kasande expressed Uganda's commitment to implement the regional initiative. "The country has developed a national work plan and roadmap for implementation of regional certification mechanism for the 3Ts and G.
Mineral certification has three components, mine site inspection, chain of custody (traceability) and certification (issuance of certificates). On each of the components Uganda has made progress," Kasande said.
He added BGR and Canada based IMPACT, the two technical and financial partners for ICGLR are helping set up the Uganda-ICGLR Mineral Tracking and Certification Unit. The unit will be based at the Directorate of Geological Survey and Mines, Entebbe.
Regional member states set up in 2010 the ICGLR Regional Certification Mechanism on the Fight against illegal Exploitation of Natural Resources to issue certificates, audit mining companies and mineral exporters for the 3Ts and G.
BGR is a German-based geosciences consulting institution for the German federal government.
The ICGLR regional certification mechanism came out of the ICGLR Pact signed by regional heads of state in 2004 to promote security, stability and development in the Great Lakes Region.
Ambassador Ambeyi Ligabo, director democracy and good governance programme at the ICGLR said in that field trip they visited 3T Mining Uganda, a tin mining company based in Wakiso district.
Ligabo said this was one of the companies waiting to be given the certificate and to be audited to enable them export tin.
Luhaka explained that miners including artisanal and industrial miners of 3Ts and G will apply to be certified and audited. He said companies that comply with the requirements will be able to sell their minerals at good prices anywhere in the world.
Eng. Joseph Patrick Odong Okedi, assistant Commissioner Mines Department said "Big buyers of the 3T and G require certifications showing the minerals are conflict-free. Without certification mining companies find it hard to sell their products at good prices," Okedi explained.
President Yoweri Museveni ratified the ICGLR Act in 2018 which enables Uganda to implement the regional certification and audit of conflict/blood minerals.
According to the ministry of energy last year the value of Uganda's mineral exports was recorded at sh12.8b, while the value of mineral imports was registered at sh146.8m. The ministry reported that the value of mineral production stood at sh150.5b