The president increased taxes on cigarettes, restricted sales so that manufacturers could no longer sell multiple varieties of a brand, and introduced a groundbreaking law.
Uruguay's President Tabare Vazquez, a physician who has campaigned against the influence of big tobacco companies, is being treated for a malignant lung tumor, his office said.
Vazquez, a 79-year old oncologist in his second term as president, announced last week that the tumor -- discovered during a routine check-up -- was likely cancerous.
Citing a medical report, his office said that "the presence of a malign tumor has been confirmed."
The statement did not say if the president, whose term ends in March 2020, would step down while undergoing treatment.
Vazquez led his leftist Frente Amplio party to power in 2005 at the start of his first five-year term in office. He was elected again in 2015.
Uruguay in 2006 became the first Latin American country to ban smoking in public spaces, and only the fifth worldwide.
Vazquez increased taxes on cigarettes, restricted sales so that manufacturers could no longer sell multiple varieties of a brand, and introduced a groundbreaking law mandating that graphic health warnings cover 80 percent of cigarette packages.
US giant Philip Morris sued Uruguay, arguing that its cigarette regulations were excessive, and sought damages for lost profits.
The International Center for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID) of the World Bank dismissed the claims in 2016 and ordered Philip Morris to pay $7 million to the South American country.
TOBACCO: Key facts
(Source: World Health Organisation)
• Tobacco kills up to half of its users.
• Tobacco kills more than 8 million people each year. More than 7 million of those deaths are the result of direct tobacco use while around 1.2 million are the result of non-smokers being exposed to second-hand smoke.
• Around 80% of the world's 1.1 billion smokers live in low- and middle-income countries.
• Second-hand smoke causes more than 1.2 million premature deaths per year.
• 65 000 children die each year from illnesses attributable to second-hand smoke.
• Over 1.6 billion people, or 22% of the world's population, are protected by comprehensive national smoke-free laws.
President Tabare Vazquez at a glance