TUBERCULOSIS: Act to end TB today
Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious airborne disease and is transmitted through air from a known or unknown TB patient mainly through coughing, sneezing and talking. As Uganda refocuses its energies to the fi ght against Tuberculosis, the country remains among the 30-high burden TB/HIV countries in the world. TB still causes significant loss of lives and ill health to Ugandans each year with 80,000 new TB cases much higher than HIV (60,000 new cases). This was shown in the fi rst national population-based TB disease prevalence survey conducted 2014-15, the prevalence of TB was 253/100,000 population. The annual notifi cation for tuberculosis is 45 284 (50%) new TB cases of the estimated.
In 2017, 46% [36,800] TB patients were not diagnosed, majority of whom are men they remained in the community and continue to spread TB in the community. Among those notifi ed, only 70% get treated successfully [completed treatment or cures], 6% died during the course of their treatment, while 11% never completed their treatment, they got lost to follow up.
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