The cholera outbreak in the Democratic Republic of Congo has already claimed 528 lives.
PIC: A woman cares for her child as cholera victims sit on beds at a provisional French non-governmental organisation Medecins Sans Frontieres (Doctors Without Borders) clinic in 2008 in DR CONGO. Cholera has once again hit DRC and Nigeria. (AFP)
HEALTH | CHOLERA
The World Health Organization (WHO)on Saturday sounded the alarm over a cholera outbreak in the Democratic Republic of Congo which has already claimed 528 lives and reached "worrying proportions".
The UN says cholera is a major public health problem in the country with millions of cases registered every year. Last year, the disease claimed 817 lives there, according to the WHO.
"The cholera outbreak in the Democratic Republic of Congo has reached worrying proportions with 20 out of 26 provinces affected by the disease" the UN agency said in a statement.
Cholera is transmitted through contaminated drinking water and causes acute diarrhoea, with children facing a particularly high risk of infection.
There are between 1.4 and 4.3 million cases of the disease worldwide each year, and as many as 142,000 deaths, according to WHO statistics.
As of September 2, Congolese authorities had recorded 24,217 suspected cases, it said.
The outbreak has affected several cities and towns in the east, west and north, as well parts of the capital Kinshasa.
WHO said the disease could resurface in the sprawling central Grand Kasai region where the infrastructure and sanitary conditions are skeletal. The last cholera outbreak here occurred in 2003.
The UN health body said it was donating $400,000 to help deploy technical teams in priority zones and called on Congolese authorities to back efforts to stem the disease by cleaning up mounds of garbage and ensuring the supply of clean drinking water.
Meanwhile, 35 people have now died during a cholera outbreak in northeast Nigeria, up from 21 at the start of the week, local health officials said on Sunday.
"The number of deaths reported... is 35. The total number of suspected cholera cases is now 1,283," the Borno state health ministry said in a statement.
Most of the cases and deaths have been at the Muna Garage camp on the outskirts of the Borno state capital, Maiduguri, which houses some 20,000 people who have fled the Boko Haram conflict.
A total of 775 infections were reported at the sprawling camp, where internally displaced people (IDPs) are living in makeshift accommodation, reliant on food handouts and communal water boreholes.
Water-borne diseases are a constant threat because of a lack of adequate sanitation for the camp dwellers, especially during the current rainy season, when poor drainage causes stagnant pools to form.
State health officials announced on September 3 that 14 people had died from 186 suspected cases of cholera in Maiduguri.
Two days later, the toll jumped to 21 from 375 cases.
Nigeria's government, domestic and international aid agencies involved in providing shelter, food, clean water and healthcare to the IDPs have been working to contain the outbreak.
But it has spread to the town of Dikwa, some 90 kilometres (55 miles) east of Maiduguri, where 438 cases were recorded.
Suspected cases were still being investigated in the garrison town of Monguno, 138 kilometres northeast of Maiduguri, said the statement.
Maiduguri has seen its population double to two million since the start of Boko Haram's Islamist insurgency in 2009, as the violence forced people to seek safe haven from vulnerable rural communities.
Overall, at least 20,000 people have been killed and some 2.6 million displaced.
Most IDPs live in so-called host communities with distant relatives or friends. The remainder live in camps.