ADF carried out its first attacks in 1995. The conflict gradually intensified, culminating into the 1998 Kichwamba Technical College attack, which left 80 people dead, with 80 more being abducted.
The ADF was formed by Jamil Mukulu. Mukulu was born to David Steven and was baptized as a Catholic, later converting to Islam, adopting a Muslim name and becoming radicalized.
He reportedly spent the early 90s in Khartoum, Sudan, coming into personal contact with Osama bin Laden.
Formed in 1989, ADF carried out its first attacks in 1995. The conflict gradually intensified, culminating into the 1998 Kichwamba Technical College attack, which left 80 people dead, with 80 more being abducted.
By 2002, continuous pressure from the Ugandan Army forced ADF to relocate most of its activities into the DR Congo. The insurgency continued on a smaller scale until 2013, which marked a resurgence of ADF activity, with the group launching a recruitment campaign along with numerous attacks.
13th November 1996: ADF perpetrated its first large-scale attack on the towns of Bwera and Mpondwe-Lhubiriha in Kasese district, Uganda. Approximately 50 people were killed in the attack. 25,000 people fled the towns.
20th February 1998: ADF abducted 30 children, in the aftermath of an attack on a Seventh-Day Adventist College in Mitandi, Kasese district.
8th June 1998: ADF rebels killed 80 students of the Kichwamba Technical College in Kabarole District, Uganda. 80 students were abducted in the same raid.
9th December 1999: ADF attacked the Katojo prison facility, releasing 360 prisoners held for terrorism.
13th April 2007: UPDF and ADF engaged in an intense battle inside the Semuliki National Park, near the upscale Semliki Lodge tourist destination.
May 2008: Ceasefire and amnesty talks between the government of Uganda and the ADF were held in Nairobi. At least 48 ADF fighters surrendered and were given amnesty.
4th December 2007: 200 ADF and NALU militants surrendered to Ugandan authorities.
24th January 2012: Insurgents tortured and later executed 13 people who were previously abducted from the city of Oicha, North Kivu.
In April 2013, it was reported that ADF started a recruitment campaign in Kampala and other parts of the country.
23rd September 2013: 3 people were killed during an ADF attack in the Watalinga Sector, North Kivu, DRC.
27th September 2013: ADF militants killed five and abducted 30 people in an attack on a health center in the city of Maleki, DRC
23rd October 2013: ADF guerrillas abducted 26 people from the village of Upira, North Kivu, later transferring them to the rebel strongholds of Makembi and Chuchubo.
14th December 2013: 13 people were killed, in the aftermath of an ADF attack on the Musuku village, Uganda.
15th December 2013: ADF killed eight people in the Biangolo village, Uganda.
17th January 2014: Congolese army drove ADF militants soldiers out of the city of Beni, with the aid of UN's “Intervention Brigade” peace corps.
23rd March 2014: South African helicopters struck ADF forces for the first time, in support of Operation Sukola 1.
18th October 2014: ADF insurgents killed over 20 people, in an attack on the village of Byalos, DRC.
14th January 2015: A joint MONUSCO - FARDC offensive forced ADF militants out of the Mavure village, North Kivu. One rebel was killed, as government forces seized large amounts of drugs and training materials.
30th April 2015: ADF's leader, Jamil Mukulu, was arrested in Tanzania.
8th October 2017: The ADF attacked a UN base in Goma, killing two peacekeepers and wounding 12.
3rd November 2018: Allied Democratic Forces Rebels killed at least 7 people and abducted 15 others including 10 children in raids and attacks in the DRC's North Kivu province.
16th November 2018: An ADF ambush near Beni, DRC, leaves 8 UN peacekeepers and 12 Congolese soldiers dead and 10 peacekeepers wounded. Additionally, one peacekeeper remains missing.
19th November 2019: 20 people killed in Beni and Oicha.