PRETORIA - Nelson Mandela's funeral cortege began its solemn journey to the seat of South African government in Pretoria Wednesday, where his remains will lie in state for three days.
A phalanx of motorcycle outriders led a hearse carrying the flag-draped casket of the former statesman from the city's 1 Military Hospital toward Union Buildings shortly after 7:00am (8:00am EAT) on Wednesday.
Along the route South Africans formed a sombre guard of honour for their iconic leader.
Scores of soldiers in fatigues and wine-red berets mixed with flag-waving civilians who came to pay their last respects.
"I never met Mandela, so this is my only chance and it's important I pay my respects. I'm South African -- I have to be here," said 28-year-old Vaughan Motshwene.
Many were tearful, aware that Mandela's death aged 95, opens a new chapter in South African history.
"It feels like the end of an era. All the opportunities I've had growing up that my parents never had, Madiba gave me that," said government employee Faaiqia Hartley, 27.
"He gave all of us an opportunity to be the best we could be."
Mandela is remembered for his key role, even behind bars, in the anti-apartheid struggle in South Africa. PHOTO/AFP
The funeral procession will be repeated for three days. PHOTO/AFP
South Africans wait for the funeral cortege of the revered icon. PHOTO/AFP
Mandela's final journey through Pretoria is laden with symbolism and replete with landmarks that carry resonance in Mandela's own life.
The procession will pass the central prison where he was jailed in 1962 for incitement and leaving the country illegally.
Another landmark is the Palace of Justice, the court where Mandela famously stood trial in 1963-64 for treason and sabotage with 10 other co-defendants.
His conviction and subsequent life sentence marked the beginning of a 27-year jail stint, from which he finally emerged in 1990 as the structure of apartheid crumbled around its white minority supporters.
The cortege will also pass near the one-time home of Paul Kruger, the father of the Afrikaner nation.
"Oom (Uncle) Paul" was the president of the Transvaal, leading a resistance movement against British rule during the first Anglo-Boer War., which began in 1880.
That Afrikaner nationalism later morphed into support for the National Party, which introduced apartheid.
The funeral procession will be repeated for three days, ending each time at the Union Buildings -- the seat of government where previous presidents had signed aspects of the apartheid system into law.
The public will be allowed to view the casket each afternoon, before Mandela's body is transported to his boyhood home of Qunu in the Eastern cape for its eventual burial on Sunday.
The lying in state is expected to be a sombre, subdued affair compared to Tuesday's celebratory memorial service in Soweto -- the crucible of the anti-apartheid movement.
Tens of thousands of people attended the event in Soweto's World Cup stadium where US President Barack Obama led foreign tributes to the life and legacy of Mandela, whose appeal and influence spread far beyond his native land.
The heavy rain did not deter people from attending the memorial on Tuesday. PHOTO/AFP
South African president Jacob Zuma arrives at the the FNB Stadium (Soccer City) in Johannesburg on Tuesday. PHOTO/AFP
US President Barack Obama gave an address during the memorial (FULL SPEECH HERE). PHOTO/AFP
"Rest in Peace Father Madiba". PHOTO/AFP
"It is hard to eulogise any man ... how much harder to do so for a giant of history, who moved a nation towards justice," Obama told the cheering crowd.
Mandela had been critically ill for months, but the announcement of his death on Thursday at the age of 95 was still a body blow to a country struggling with multiple social and economic challenges.
For many, Mandela -- even a frail, aged and retired Mandela -- represented, while he was alive, a moral beacon that retained the promise of better times ahead.
Current President Jacob Zuma was roundly booed by large portions of the crowd at Tuesday's memorial service, a sign of growing impatience with Mandela's successors to deliver on promises of equality and prosperity.
Two decades after the racist apartheid regime was consigned to history, millions of black South Africans remain poor, unemployed and without formal housing in a society that is among the world's most unequal.