SUDAN'S former prime minister Sadiq al-Mahdi was released from custody on Sunday, one month after state security agents detained him in a case that sparked concern from Western governments.
An AFP reporter saw a smiling Mahdi, chief of the opposition Umma party, greeting about 200 noisy supporters at his headquarters in Khartoum's twin city of Omdurman.
Minutes earlier State Minister of Information Yassir Yousef told AFP that Mahdi "has been released".
The National Intelligence and Security Service (NISS) arrested Mahdi on May 17 after he reportedly accused the paramilitary Rapid Support Forces (RSF) of rape and other abuses of civilians in western Sudan's Darfur region.
The RSF, whose commanders denied that their unit had raped, looted or committed arson, is under the authority of NISS.
Mahdi was charged with treason-related offences which can bring a death sentence upon conviction, but the status of those charges was not immediately clear on Sunday.
Yousef said Mahdi was freed after his legal team appealed to the justice minister to exercise his authority to drop or suspend charges.
After his arrest, Mahdi's party pulled out of talks with the ruling National Congress and other parties aimed at resolving the multiple crises gripping the impoverished, war-torn country.
In brief comments to supporters after his release, Mahdi did not specifically say whether Umma would rejoin the national dialogue.
He said that after further talks with a cross-section of Sudanese who have united behind him over the RSF incident, "I will respond as to what we are going to do."
Mahdi spoke after women ululated in welcome and other supporters shouted that he is "the voice of the people".
President Omar al-Bashir appealed in January for dialogue and hinted at greater freedoms.
Media repressed: watchdog
After that, a tenuous political opening occurred as parties rallied without interference from security forces, and reports on alleged official corruption flourished in local newspapers.
But analysts said that, even if Bashir is serious about reform, his party is divided and the powerful security service is opposed.
About one week after Mahdi's arrest, prosecutors banned journalists from reporting on the case.
A watchdog, Reporters Without Borders, warned of authorities' "increasingly repressive attitude to the media", despite government talk of greater freedoms.
The United States and British embassies had expressed "deep concern" over Mahdi's arrest, while the European Union delegation in Khartoum called on all sides to back the national dialogue and to "abstain from acts and statements that might derail the process".
In early June, riot police broke up a protest by hundreds of youths demanding Mahdi's release and calling for the overthrow of the Islamist regime which took power in a coup that toppled Mahdi's government 25 years ago.
At another protest on Friday, four of Mahdi's daughters were detained as they demanded freedom for political prisoners. They were later released.
Mahdi, a political fixture since the 1960s, is now regarded with suspicion by many Sudanese, partly because one of his sons is a Bashir adviser and another is a relatively junior NISS officer.
Sadiq al-Mahdi is, however, also a religious leader revered by followers in his Ansar al-Islam movement, a key component of Umma.
Sadiq is a descendant of Sudan's legendary Islamic reformer known as the "Mahdi".
Earlier Sunday, a group of prominent Sudanese, including former presidential candidate Kamal Idris, told reporters they had been mediating between Mahdi and the government.
They predicted the Umma chief's release was imminent, and said they would continue their mediation in an attempt to win freedom for other detainees including Sudanese Congress Party chief Ibrahim al-Sheikh.
Sheikh was arrested on June 8 after a rally at which he, like Mahdi, criticised the actions of the RSF, according to a Sudanese Congress Party official.
Sudan frees jailed opposition leader