By Watuwa Timbiti and Abdulkarim Ssengendo
trueIn the Make Uganda Clean campaign, Vision Group will be profiling major urban centres in the country highlighting their sanitation situation, culminating into a gala night on November 25, where the cleanest towns will be recognised. Today we bring you profiles of Ibanda and Kanoni towns
In a bid to keep the town clean and manage garbage, authorities in Ibanda town are planning to purchase a dumping site out of town, which is likely to cost them about sh40m. The town, which attained town council status in 1994, is one of the rapidly growing towns in the region.
The growth is attributed its central location; it connects Kamwenge, Buhweju, Kiruhura and Mbarara districts. With such growth comes sanitation challenges, but the town seems to have surmounted them, as evidenced in a survey done by Vision Group. Majority of the respondents said the town has cleaning schedules for roads/streets (89%), market areas (94%), dustbins (100%) and the town (94%).
Thus, residents are satisfied, scoring 6.8/10 on general cleanliness of the town. This high achievement is partly attributed to the town council’s decision to implement the Public Health Act, with prosecution of those who do not comply. Additionally, the town council has also promoted paving of access lanes as a strategy to promote cleanliness and this is done by landlords. All respondents have ever seen dustbins in the town although their availability was scored as being insufficient (3.8/10).
The dustbins were mostly seen on streets/road side (100%) and market areas (22%). Slightly above average (56%) reported it was not easy to locate a dustbin. However, it is evident that more sensitisation of the residents on the significance of sanitation should be done. For instance, majority of the respondents (83%) acknowledged seeing someone litter the town in the past three months. Slightly less than half of the respondents said they avoided littering and 22% have taken part in the clean up exercise in the town, 33% reported to have done nothing to improve cleanliness.
The cleanliness of the town can further be improved with more budgetary allocation to sanitation. For instance, out of the town’s total budget of sh1.1b this financial year, only sh58.2m is for garbage collection. Fifty-six percent of the budget is from local revenue and 44% from the Government. However, the town’s street light is lacking. Although the survey reports that electricity (100%) is the main source of light, the town’s street light is lacking.
A marginal 17% say they have seen street lights in a working condition and still a lower (11%) report that all are in working condition and 7% said more than half are working. On the other hand, majority (78%) reported that street lights are available, but not working at all, and despite that, a higher percentage (83%) said the town streets were safe at night. Looking at the town’s road network, more needs to be done, for instance, the survey reports that (78%) is partially tarmacked or levelled ground (22%), few potholes, earning the town a low score of 2.1/10 and majority of the buildings (83%) are newly painted.
Currently, Ibanda whose population is estimated at 50,000 depends on three water sources; Mukazi Anyara, Kyereta and Mukure (a ratio of 1:16666).The town clerk acknowledges that safe water is not available to some people, especially those in the outskirts. She says, however, that the water system is being extended to the outskirts of town and designs to overhaul Lyengoma and Nyakatokye water sources have been secured. From the survey, the town has noise pollution, although mild.
Fifty percent of the respondents say the town has a noise control programme and half of the respondents feel Ibanda is not noisy, although 44% say it is noisy, attributing it to motor vehicles, prayers and boda boda riders. Ibanda, too, has challenges of poultry/irregularly loitering in Ibanda (score 2.3/10) in the past six months, with sheep topping, at 65%, cows (33%) and goats (28%).
Burst sewage is uncommon in Ibanda; only 6% of the respondents have seen it, however, response towards fixing it is slow, thus a poor score of 0.3/10. Ibanda, however, is not doing well on toilets. “Hygiene and sanitation was 35%, but now total sanitation is at 79% and 93% latrine coverage,” says William Ndyanabo, the town council health inspector.
Although grown grass, according to the survey, is not common in the town, with only 28% acknowledging having seen it, it is poorly maintained, scoring only 0.8/10. The town, whose major source of income is local service tax, licences, slaughter fees, and small-scale businesses, does not have enough accommodation.
According to the town clerk, to maintain order in the town, the informal sector is pushed off the road reserves to strategic places. Adding that being a fast growing town, harzadous building is a problem, despite council regulations and guidelines on planned building. animals loitering though not so much; less than half (33%) have seen livestock/poultry
For effective garbage collection, a private garbage collector has been contracted at sh3.5m per month. Fifteen garbage skips have been put in strategic places, each serving about 2,000 people. The town council implements the Public Health Act and prosecutes those who do not comply
Whereas 83% of the respondents are aware of public toilets, they say the toilets are very dirty and that they pay an average of sh115 to use them. The town scored 0.8/10. Sewage bursts are, however, uncommon in town.
Water accessibility is not a challenge in the town; the survey reveals that piped water is the main source of water (94%) either through the public tap or in residences, but also flows regularly and is clean. They depend on three sources of water.
Ibanda town has a greening programme, which they intend to use to plant trees on all town streets. They enforce bylaws and regualations regarding unplanned buildings in the town
Ibanda’s garbage dumping site
trueTOWN CLERK’S VIEW
The Ibanda town clerk, Justine Murinzi said the community is responding to garbage collection and that Ibanda town is one of the towns that has managed her garbage well
Kanoni living within her means
By Watuwa Timbiti and Andrew Masinde
Kanoni town is the administrative and commercial headquarters of Gomba District. It is situated along the Buwere-Sembabule Road, approximately 97km southwest of Kampala. Kanoni is not only suffering with irregular flow, but dirty water, according to a recent survey done by Vision Group.
The survey notes that whereas the main source of water is the public tap, the water is irregular and dirty, earning the town a score of 0.8/10 and 1.1/10, respectively. On the other hand, however, the town which became a town council in 2010 after creation of Gomba district, is doing well on cleanliness, according to the respondents. For instance, the availability of cleaning schedules is 81%, roads/streets (81%), market areas (81%) and dustbins (94%). On the overall, the survey notes, residents are very satisfied with the cleanliness of the town, earning the town a high score of 7.5/10.
Although authorities have tried to ensure dustbins are distributed in the town, they are insufficient, but clean, meaning, the town authorities are to provide more dustbins. For that to be realised, the percentage distribution has to increase from what the survey reveals; the dustbins are mostly seen on the streets/roadside (38%), shops (38%) and market areas (25%). According to the survey, only 13% of the respondents have seen someone litter the town in the past three months. Additionally, the town is not doing any better on pollution; it is rated (63%) as being polluted.
Similarly, few residents are contributing to the town’s cleanliness; only 20% reported avoiding littering. Still, a lower proportion of the respondents (20%) have taken part in the exercise to clean the town and a smaller percentage (15%) avoid pollution activities like burning, a marginal 5% have sensitised people about living in a clean environment and 40% have not done anything to improve Kanoni’s cleanliness.
To maximise cleanliness, more resources have to be allocated to sanitation. For instance, according the mayor, Joel Kayajja, the town has a budget of sh429m, which is 94% funded by the central government and 6% from local revenue, and only sh9.6m is for sanitation.
Kanoni, which comprises three wards; Kanoni, Koome and Wanjeyo has only two health inspectors (a wide ratio of 1:5750), nine primary schools and four secondary schools, . On street lighting, the town which depends on electricity (94%) as the main source of lighting, is not doing well on street lighting. For instance, less than half of the respondents (31%) say they haveseen street lights in a working condition in the town of which 13% report that all are in working condition and 19% less than half.
“Six percent reported availablity of street lights, but not in working condition and 63% had never seen the street lights at all. Most people did not know the status of the streets at night (63%), but 37% said the streets were quite safe,” reads in part.
The town’s road network is not any better; majority roads are either of levelled ground/murrum (56%) or tarmacked (24%) and with few pot holes, thus a score of 1.3/10 and majority of the buildings (69%) have old paint Kanoni can be said to be a noise-free society, for instance, no respondent believed there was a noise control programme and majority of the respondents (81%) could not classify whether the town was noisy or not, although motor vehicles and prayers were mentioned by 6% as the key sources of noise.
Livestock/ poultry loitering in the town is one of the challenges facing the town’s hygiene. For instance, 50% have seen livestock/poultry loitering in Kanoni in the past six months. The animals seen are goats (13%), cows (13%), sheep (6%) and chicken (6%), which irregularly loiter, attracting a score of 1.9/10. Response to sewage bursts in the town is still wanting, for instance, whereas; only 25% have seen sewage bursts in Kanoni, the response to fix the problem is very slow, according to respondents, earning the town Muwongea score of 0.6/10.
However the town clerk , Michael Muwonge, said there were no sewer burst challenges in the town since people construct pit latrines and maintained them well. Awareness about the town’s public toilet is low; only 6% of the respondents are aware of the public toilet, which is accessed at an average cost of sh200.
The town is also struggling on proper maintenance of grass; for instance, whereas a marginal percentage, only 13%, have noticed overgrown grass, maintenance levels are poor, getting less than half a score. Crime rate is low and, therefore, a safer place; no respondent has been individually subjected to any form of crime in the town before, with robbery with no violence (44%), robbery with violence (25%), murder (13%), assault (6%) and arson (6%), being the leading forms of crime.
“The town is faced with power shortage, but, authorities encourage people to buy solar.
The town council also lacks piped water, yet the boreholes are not enough,” says the town clerk. He further says the local revenue is still low and they depend on the money that the central govenrment sends to run their sanitation activities. Unemployement is another challenge the town is grappling with.
A street in Kanoni town council and the tractor that collects the rubbish
The town council has a tractor for garbage collection and it moves around the town. They also put in place garbage collection centres were people collect rubbish in sacks and the tractor picks it.
The council also employs five people who clean the town daily.
The town plans to sensitise people on sanitation because some people still litter the town any how.
Ten demonstration Ecosan toilets are being constructed. People have realised the benefits and will work with the council to build ecosan for all town residents. The council plans to build an administration block. The design is ready, and they are sourcing for funds.
The mayor, Joel Kayajja says all the roads in the town council are well maintained though not tarmacked. He says they plan to tarmack them with time.