Patients treated with cognitive behavioral therapy were said to have had "clinically meaningful improvement" of functional limitations.
Meditation and cognitive behavioral therapy – not conventional treatments for back pain – seem to be effective in alleviating the common condition, researchers said Tuesday.
After 26 weeks, researchers said patients treated with cognitive behavioral therapy or mindfulness-based stress reduction and yoga had "clinically meaningful improvement" of functional limitations compared to those with usual care.
The improvement was measured at 61 percent for MSBR and yoga, ahead of 58 percent for CBT and 44 percent for conventional medicine.
The study, published in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA), was a clinical trial with 342 adults ages 20-70 who had suffered from lower back pain for an average of seven years.
One third, selected at random, was treated with MBSR and yoga, while another third used cognitive behavioral therapy, which helps patients identify and resolve bad behavioral choices and negative thoughts.
The last third was treated with pain medications.
"These findings suggest that MBSR may be an effective treatment option for patients with chronic low back pain," the authors wrote.
"Although understanding the specificity of treatment effects, mechanisms of action and role of mediators are important issues for researchers, they are merely academic for many clinicians and their patients."