Life Style
Elephants, such intelligent animals
Publish Date: Jul 17, 2014
Elephants, such intelligent animals
An elephant flaps its ears preparing to attack PHOTO/Andrew Masinde
  • mail
  • img
newvision

By Andrew Masinde  

Elephants are the largest living land mammals. These amazing creatures are favourite for animal enthusiasts and animal caretakers.

The manager Queen Elizabeth Conservation Area, Nelson Guma says elephants can grow to about 13 feet tall and weigh over 10 tonnes and can live for up to 70 years.

“Elephants spend 12-18 hours a day feeding. Due to their huge size, they require an enormous amount of food. Adult elephants can eat between 200-600kilograms of food a day. As herbivores, they consume grasses, tree foliage, bark, twigs, and other vegetation daily,” he said.

“Elephants can also drink up to 50 gallons of water a day, about as much as a standard bath tub holds,” he added.
He also said elephants have a variety of adaptations that allow them to survive in a wide range of habitats.


An elephant using its trunk to bathe. PHOTO/ Andrew Masinde

Their trunk is one very valuable adaptation.

“Elephants use their trunk much like humans use their hands, hey can be used to pick up food and to suck up water and shoot it into their mouth,” he explained.

They also use their trunk to suck up mud or dust and spray it over their body to protect their skin.

The trunk too contains a well-developed sense of touch and often used to comfort other herd members.

According to Birra Patronella, interpretive guide, elephants' ivory tusks are elongated incisor teeth.

“They use the tusks to dig out waterholes in dry riverbeds. They excavate the holes using their trunk, feet and tusks,” she explained.

An elephants' ears help them to stay cool. The ears are filled with blood vessels; by holding them out in the wind or flapping them, an elephant can create its own cooling system,” she explained.

She added that sometimes when you see it flap the ears very first, you have to leave its way because that is a sign that it is charging and any time it is about to attack.

“Young females often assist their mothers with calf care and provide all mothering for younger calves in the herd. Since female elephants are known to remain reproductive throughout most of their lives, this is their primary activity beyond eating and drinking,” she said.

Guma said male elephants in the wild, are driven out of the family group as they approach sexual maturity and they spend as much of their lives alone.

“Though males are mainly lonely in adulthood, they do at times associate in bachelor groups. In early years of adulthood, the young bulls spend time learning the capabilities of other bulls in their area and start a social hierarchy and status,” he explained.

“Elephants are highly intelligent animals with complex social behaviours that include threat displays, charging, and fighting among others. They use their ears as signalling devices, often to warn the herd of approaching danger,” he adds.

Related Stories

Hippopotamus: A wonder animal

The bustling wildlife

Wildlife in danger

Hippo attack: Two killed on L. George

 

The statements, comments, or opinions expressed through the use of New Vision Online are those of their respective authors, who are solely responsible for them, and do not necessarily represent the views held by the staff and management of New Vision Online.

New Vision Online reserves the right to moderate, publish or delete a post without warning or consultation with the author.Find out why we moderate comments. For any questions please contact digital@newvision.co.ug

  • mail
  • img
blog comments powered by Disqus
Also In This Section
Rural men resist family planning
Most men in rural areas still refuse their wives to use family planning methods claiming that they may make them too fat or thin and also make them bleed for longer days during their menstrual periods....
Lupita Nyong
Oscar-winning actress Lupita Nyong'o has returned home to Kenya to spearhead a new campaign to stop the record slaughter of elephants for their valuable ivory....
Lunch hour fellowship to transform Kampala
The love of God saw the best in a prostitute everyone despised and wanted dead....
‘Earn a living from medicinal herbs farming’
When Twaha Kakooza sees medicinal herbs in a garden, he sees money. This is why he has made a nursery bed for every type of herbs of he has....
Nabagereka advises Ugandans to revive reading culture
Her Royal Highness the Nabagereka of Buganda, Sylvia Nagginda, has encouraged Ugandans to discover the treasure in reading books all the time in order to learn new things....
Bride & Groom Expo ends with excitement, triumph, pomp
Uganda''s largest wedding exhibition ended on Sunday evening with a grand finale that saw exhibitors who tirelessly who put up a great show rewarded for their efforts...
Do you think Ugandan graduates are the worst in the region?
Yes
No
Can't Say
follow us
subscribe to our news letter