National
South Sudan ceasefire 'shaky'
Publish Date: Jan 27, 2014
South Sudan ceasefire 'shaky'
South Sudanese government soldiers fire a rocket toward a rebel position in Bor on Sunday during an exchange of heavy artillery fire. AFP Photo
  • mail
  • img
newvision

A two-day-old ceasefire in South Sudan is still not firmly in place, the foreign minister of Norway, part of the so-called Troika with Britain and the United States, said on Sunday.

"We see a very shaky ceasefire", Foreign Minister Borge Brende told AFP in an interview in the Sudanese capital.

His comments, after talks with Sudanese officials, came as the South's government and rebels traded accusations that each had breached the ceasefire deal by attacking the other.

"Of course I'm concerned and I think what this means is we also have to establish the right monitoring tools and also verification tools so one can really assess" the extent of compliance, Brende said.

The Troika helped oversee implementation of a 2005 peace agreement which ended Sudan's 22-year civil war and ultimately led to the South's independence in 2011.

Since then, the Troika have continued working together supporting peace and development in Sudan and South Sudan, including through backing a regional-led initiative to end weeks of fighting.

Forces loyal to South Sudan's President Salva Kiir have battled a loose coalition of army defectors and ethnic militia nominally headed by sacked vice president Riek Machar.

The seven-member East African regional bloc IGAD, which includes Sudan, mediated talks in Ethiopia between South Sudan's two warring sides.

"Sudan has played a constructive role through IGAD", Brende said.

Eighteen unarmed monitors under IGAD supervision are to oversee implementation of the ceasefire agreement.

Up to 10,000 people are believed to have been killed in the fighting. The United Nations and rights workers report horrific atrocities have been committed by both sides.

About 700,000 people have been forced from their homes in the impoverished nation, according to the UN.

Both sides insist they are committed to the deal, and the clashes reported since the agreement was signed appear to have been localised skirmishes, not large-scale assaults.

Verifying reports from across the vast and remote regions of South Sudan -- large areas of which have poor if any telephone networks -- is difficult.

Many in the country fear that even with a ceasefire pact, the conflict pitting members of Kiir's Dinka people against Machar's Nuer tribe is far from over.

Brende said it is possible for South Sudan to "get back on track again" if a ceasefire is complied with, 11 prisoners are released, and a "robust arrangement" is reached leading to a coalition government.

"But I think we have to be realistic that... we are not there at this moment," the minister said after talks with Sudan's Foreign Minister Ali Karti, Vice-President Bakri Hassan Saleh, Oil Minister Makawi Mohammed Awad, UN officials and non-governmental groups.

A key sticking point in negotiations leading to Friday's ceasefire agreement was rebel and international demands that the South Sudanese government release 11 detained officials close to Machar.

IGAD, supported by the Troika, is working towards "a situation where the ceasefire is followed by a peace agreement followed by release of prisoners and a government where you see broad representation from all the relevant ethnic groups", the minister said.

If that happens, then Norway and other members of the international community should help South Sudan rebuild, Brende said.

"I see no alternative but it's not only the international donor community that will then have to take a responsibility.

"Riek Machar and Salva Kiir also have to take a responsibility to creating the right environment to get a robust agreement," Brende said.

"This has been a very, very unfortunate period where you have also lost a lot of the gains that you have seen the last year."

The statements, comments, or opinions expressed through the use of New Vision Online are those of their respective authors, who are solely responsible for them, and do not necessarily represent the views held by the staff and management of New Vision Online.

New Vision Online reserves the right to moderate, publish or delete a post without warning or consultation with the author.Find out why we moderate comments. For any questions please contact digital@newvision.co.ug

  • mail
  • img
blog comments powered by Disqus
Also In This Section
UPDF hails Congo for fighting ADF rebels
The UPDF has hailed the Congolese army for intensifying operations against the Allied Democratic Forces (ADF) rebels....
Ugandans lose billions in bribes – study
The average value of a bribe paid by Ugandans in rural and urban areas is sh127, 000, according to findings of the 2013 national governance baseline survey....
Muhakanizi apologizes over corruption
THE secretary to the treasury, Keith Muhakanizi, has apologized to Ugandan tax payers for the billions of money lost through corruption in government...
Museveni passes out 525 NRM cadres
President Yoweri Museveni passed out the team during a colourful occasion. Not even the heavy down pour could dampen the spirits of the enthusiastic youth...
Homeless people to be counted - UBOS
According to the UBOS executive director, Dr. Ben Mungyereza, there are special teams that have been constituted to count 'homeless' individuals...
Census exercise registers early success in Mukono
SEVERAL residents however expressed mixed opinions on the exercise with some wondering whether it will bring an end to the perennial drug shortage in health units...
Do you think the National Census positively contributes to improved Livelihood in Uganda?
Yes
No
Can't Say
follow us
subscribe to our news letter